1. 表達“此外”：besides, in addition, moreover, furthermore。
例：The house is too small. Furthermore, it is in bad location.
= The house is too small；furthermore, it is in bad location.
2. 表達“然而”：however, nevertheless, nonetheless。
例：My room is very small. However, it’s comfortable.
= My room is very small；however, it’s comfortable.
3. 表達“因此”：therefore, consequently, as a result, accordingly。
例：Helen studied hard all year. Therefore, he made excellent grades.
= Helen studied hard all year；therefore, he made excellent grades.
4. 表達“相反地”：rather, instead, on the contrary。
例：They didn’t go fishing. Instead, they went swimming.
= They didn’t go fishing；instead, they went swimming.
5. 其它：otherwise(否則), for instance(例如), in the same way(同樣地), likewise(同樣地)。
例：You must buy some food. Likewise, you’ll need warm clothes.
= You must buy some food；likewise, you’ll need warm clothes.